In Africa, many are still affected by extreme poverty Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

10. August 2015 | categories: Datajournalism, Politics

In 2000, the heads of state and government of the UN General Assembly decided, among other things, to halve extreme poverty. This goal was achieved. Nevertheless, over one billion people still live in extreme poverty. The article shows where extreme poverty has decreased and where it is still high. 

The Millennium Development Goal of halving extreme poverty has been achieved. Whereas in 1990 more than two billion people (47 percent of the developing regions) still lived in extreme poverty, today the figure is only about 1.2 billion (22 percent of the developing regions). If you look at the figures for the individual countries, China stands out above. Whereas in 1990, every fifth person in this country still lived below the poverty line of $1 in 1990, in 2009 only about every 36th Chinese person had to live on less than $1.25 per day.

Changes in extreme poverty Data: Statistical Annex: Millennium Development Goals

India also made a major contribution to halving the poverty rate. If the UNO Statistics 1994 shows a value of 13.6 percent, it was still 7.5 percent in 2010. This makes China and India together about 300 million fewer people living in extreme poverty.

Although it has been possible to reduce poverty in many parts of the world, there are still many countries – especially in Africa – in which many people are very poor. It is true that the proportion of people in sub-Saharan Africa who live under extreme poverty has decreased. However, as the population has increased, the absolute number of people living in extreme poverty has increased. While 290 million people still lived in this region in extreme poverty in 1990, the figure was 414 million in 2010.

The Democratic Republic of Congo has the highest proportion of the population living in extreme poverty. More than half of the population has less than $1.25 per day available. Madagascar ranks second with a rate of 43.3 percent, closely followed by Zambia with 41.9 percent and Liberia with 40.9 percent. In Burundi, Nigeria and the Central African Republic, just over a third of the population lives below the extreme poverty line.

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country quota
Democratic Republic of the Congo 52.81
Madagascar 43.34
Sambia 41.94
Liberia 40.92
Burundi 36.41
Nigeria 33.74
Central African Republic 31.33
Tanzania 28.12
Rwanda 26.65
Malawi 26.24

extreme poverty 12006 22007 32008 42010 52011
Data: United Nations Statistics Division

The greatest need for action therefore exists in Africa, where a considerable number of people are still suffering from extreme poverty. Of the 1.2 billion people, 70 percent are women. I hope that the Post-2015 Agenda will help to further reduce poverty.

Post-2015

In autumn 2000, the United Nations formulated eight development goals, the Millennium Development Goals. The first objective was to halve extreme poverty between 1990 and 2015. An extremely poor person is a person who has less than 1$ per day to live. This goal has already been achieved in 2010, with 1.25$ expected due to inflation.

The Post-2015 Summit will take place in New York from 25 to 27 September. The summit’s goal is to define the Post-2015 Agenda, the follow-up project to the Millennium Development Goals. The Millennium Development Goals have been defined for the developing countries and the post-2015 targets are to be universal. For this reason, Switzerland will also have to find out what it can do to achieve its domestic goals.

Key concerns of Switzerland

Switzerland has defined sixteen objectives which it intends to introduce into the round. In particular, Switzerland wants to promote water safety for all, maximising health for all, gender equality and sustainable peace.

In the summer of 2014, the Federal Council presented Switzerland’s core concerns. Switzerland has drawn up a working paper on each of these sixteen topics. These are available at www.post2015.ch.

    1. overcoming extreme poverty
    2. Food security and quality for all through sustainable agricultural and food security
    3. Water safety for all
    4. Guarantee of general access to a sustainable energy supply
    5. Guarantee of fair, inclusive and high quality education and lifelong learning for all
    6. Maximising health for all at all stages of life
    7. Employment and decent work for all, sustainable growth and green economy
    8. Sustainable consumption and production (including chemicals and waste)
    9. Government – For more open, accessible and accountable institutions
    10. Gender equality, women’s rights and empowerment of women and girls
    11. Sustainable peace and inclusive societies (participation of all in society)
    12. Reduction of catastrophe risk
    13. population dynamics / migration and development, i. e. secure and regular migration

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  1. Biodiversity (incl. forest)
  2. Sustainable Cities and Infrastructure
  3. Climate change as a cross-cutting issue with concrete goals (e. g. reduction of greenhouse gases)

Im Herbst 2000 hat die UNO acht Entwicklungsziele formuliert, die Milleniumsziele. Als erstes Ziel wurde die Halbierung der extremen Armut zwischen 1990 und 2015 definiert. Als extrem arm gilt eine Person, die weniger als umgerechnet 1$ pro Tag zum Leben hat. Dieses Ziel wurde bereits 2010 erreicht, wobei wegen der Inflation mit 1.25$ gerechnet wurde.

Zwischen dem 25. und 27. September findet in New York der Post-2015 Gipfel statt. Das Ziel des Gipfels ist es, die Agenda Post-2015 zu definieren, das Nachfolgeprojekt der Milleniumsziele. Die Milleniumsziele wurden für die Entwicklungsländer definiert, die Ziele der Post-2015 sollen universell sein. Deshalb wird auch die Schweiz eruieren müssen, was sie zur Erreichung der Ziele im Inland tun kann.

Die Schweiz hat sechzehn Ziele definiert, welche sie in die Runde einbringen will. Im Speziellen will sich die Schweiz für Wassersicherheit für alle, Maximierung der Gesundheit für alle, die Gleichstellung der Geschlechter und nachhaltigen Frieden einsetzten.

Der Bundesrat hat im Sommer 2014 die Kernanliegen der Schweiz präsentiert. Zu jedem dieser sechzehn Themen hat die Schweiz ein Arbeitspapier verfasst. Diese sind unter www.post2015.ch verfügbar.

  1. Überwindung extremer Armut
  2. Ernährungssicherheit und -qualität für alle durch nachhaltige Agrar- und Nahrungsmittelsicherheit
  3. Wassersicherheit für alle
  4. Gewährleistung des allgemeinen Zugangs zu einer nachhaltigen Energieversorgung
  5. Gewährleistung von chancengerechter, inklusiver und qualitativ guter Bildung und lebenslangem Lernen für all
  6. Maximierung des Gesundheit für alle in allen Lebensabschnitten
  7. Beschäftigung und menschenwürdige Arbeit für alle, nachhaltiges Wachstum und grüne Wirtschaft
  8. Nachhaltiger Konsum und nachhaltige Produktion (inkl. Chemikalien und Abfälle)
  9. Gouvernance – Für offenere, allen zugängliche und rechenschaftspflichtige Institutionen
  10. Gleichstellung der Geschlechter, Rechte der Frauen und Stärkung von Frauen und Mädchen
  11. Nachhaltiger Frieden und inklusive Gesellschaften (teilhabe aller an der Gesellschaft)
  12. Verringerung des Katastrophenrisikos
  13. Bevölkerungsdynamik / Migration und Entwicklung, d.h. unter anderem sichere und reguläre Migration
  14. Biodiversität (inkl. Wald)
  15. Nachhaltige Städte und Infrastruktur
  16. Klimawandel als Querschnittsthema mit konkreten Zielen (z.B. Reduktion der Treibhausgase)